The Big Bang Theory is on the way out.
That is the view of Australian scientist David Noel, who in 2012 produced an analysis showing that conventional beliefs about an Expanding Universe are fatally flawed.
That analysis, entitled “R.I.P. Expanding Universe (b. 1930, d. 2012)”, has the subtitle The Big Bang never happened.
The proof that the red-shift of light first observed by Edwin Hubble did not imply expansion of the Universe was starkly simple. If the red-shift was really due to the Doppler effect of galaxies moving away from Earth, it would have to be the same for all wavelengths of light from the same object.
In fact, the red-shifts vary directly with the wavelength observed, so if lines of frequency F and 2F are observed from the same galaxy, the 2F line has twice the red-shift of the F line. Astronomers actually use this well-known feature to check that different lines do really originate from the same object.
Another basic flaw with the Big Bang theory is that it assumes the Universe is about 13.7 billion years old. If this was really the case, then images of the Universe from very distant parts, say over 10 billion light-years away, should show a very different and compressed view of the Universe than views of closer parts. In fact, these views are similar in nature.
Views of distant and near parts of the Universe are similar. Hubble images
Before the Hubble Telescope (named for Edwin Hubble) was launched into orbit in 1990, astronomers could only observe celestial bodies up to seven billion light-years away. Since then, cameras in Hubble’s Ultra Deep Field survey have detected galaxies formed as early as 13 billion years ago.
The James Webb Space Telescope is scheduled for launch in 2018. With an aperture of 6.5 metres, 2.7 times that of Hubble, it will be capable of penetrating “at least six times deeper than Hubble”. That works out as 78 billion light-years.
Even at a small improvement on Hubble, James Webb will soon be looking at light emitted well over 13.7 billion years ago, before the Big Bang “Beginning of the Universe”. Look forward to plenty of dodgy explanations to account for this!